Colourful bins with different types of waste

The primary method of disposal of general waste and hazardous materials in South Africa is through our landfills. Thankfully, ware seeing a definite shift away from the use of landfill areas towards greener means of waste reduction and minimisation. 

 

5 Types of Waste South Africans Must Deal With. 

 

1. Solid Waste.

We refer to discarded, unwanted material as solid waste. Often, we think of waste as being garbage, but garbage is something else entirely. 

2. Garbage. 

Garbage is solid waste material from businesses, homes, and other facilities such as schools, hotels, factories, and shopping centres 

3. Domestic Waste.

We refer to waste from houses as domestic waste.  

4. Industrial Waste.

Waste from officesfactories and industries is industrial waste.  

5. Agricultural Waste.

Waste from the agriculture sector is agricultural waste. 

 

The primary goal of solid waste management is the reduction of waste materials. It is also the complete elimination of these materials for the benefit of a more sustainable future for the planet. These waste materials affect the environment.  

Solid waste management also has its focus on the minimisation of the negative impact of waste on human health. Managing solid waste supports economic development for an improved quality of life. Businesses should be opting for an efficient, low-cost method to prevent waste build-up. 

 

There Are Benefits to Solid Waste Management. 

South Africa produces 108 million tons of waste every year. Most of that solid waste ends up in our landfills. South Africa only recycles 10% of its waste. 

 

How to Differentiate the Four Types of Solid Waste. 

We can classify solid waste into four different categories. These include domestic, commercial, agricultural and industrial waste. 

 

1. What You Need to Know About Domestic Waste. 

Households produce waste through daily activities. These include cleaning, cooking, and more. Domestic waste includes household and garden waste, such as leaves and peels. 

2. What You Need to Know About Industrial Waste. 

We refer to the waste produced by any industrial activity as industrial waste. This includes material cast off during manufacturing processes. Industrial waste comes from mills, factories, mines, industries and more. Many industries are guilty of dumping their waste into rivers and seas. This causes pollution. Some examples of industrial pollution include glass, plastic, tin and others. 

3. What You Need to Know About Commercial Waste. 

Waste produced by universities, shops, offices, colleges, and tertiary institutions are referred to as commercial waste. We include paper, tin, and plastic, among others in this category. Commercial waste can become too much to handle very quickly, but a smart and customised waste management solution can solve that problem fast. 

4. What You Need to Know About Agricultural Waste. 

We refer to waste produced by the agricultural sector as agricultural waste. Agricultural waste usually includes animal waste, weeds, husks from crops, and more. Many companies find ways to reuse agricultural waste, for example using it as pig feed. Animal waste can be used as fertiliser sometimes, and even weeds could be repurposed instead of being disposed of sometimes. 

 

What are the Methods of Solid Waste Management?

When managing waste, two categories are important. These include biodegradable waste and non-biodegradable waste. Biodegradable waste breaks down and can be disposed of easily. 

Solid waste management in South Africa plays a vital role in recycling waste products. This important process helps divert waste from our landfills. We recycle waste into new products that are useful. We recycle plastic, glass, paper, and other solid waste products. 

 

  • All You Need to Know About Biodegradable Waste. 

We refer to waste generated from kitchen and garden waste as biodegradable waste. We decompose biodegradable waste over time for further use to improve the quality of the soil. Composting time depends on the composition of the materials used.  

When decomposed, we transform biodegradable waste into organic matter. We then use this organic matter for a variety of processes. When composting takes place, waste breaks down through the activation of fungi and bacteria. 

Vermicomposting is the decomposition of waste material into organic matter. Red worms help break down the waste material to make fertile manure. 

  • All You Need to Know About Non-Biodegradable Waste. 

We refer to non-biodegradable waste as dry waste. Dry waste usually comprises plastic, broken glass, and newsprint, among others. We reuse and recycle dry waste. The difference between biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste is that it cannot decompose. Non-biodegradable waste causes pollution. 

  • All You Need to Know About Chemical Waste. 

We refer to chemical waste as waste products derived from harmful chemicals. Large factories, mines, and manufacturing plants produce chemical waste. We could classify chemical waste as being hazardous. At times chemical waste is harmless. 

Hazardous chemical waste could fall into a wide range of categories. These include gasses and chemicals that are in a solid or a liquid form. Hazardous materials can present as being corrosive, toxic, flammable, or reactivated substances. 

How Remade Is Making a Difference 

Our landfills are filling up at an alarming rate. South Africa only recycles 10% of its solid waste. Call us today for a free audit to manage your waste. We are making a difference one cubic meter at a time. You, too, can make a difference.